Open Access

Accountability and External Testing Agencies

  • Edward Sarich1
Language Testing in Asia20122:26

DOI: 10.1186/2229-0443-2-1-26

Published: 15 February 2012

Abstract

Standardized testing is ubiquitous in Japan. Inexpensive and easily mass distributed, their use has been encouraged at every level of the education system. Over the past thirty years, external testing agencies have been increasingly relied upon to make standardized tests for use as benchmarks in the education system and in the private sector. However, while great trust has been placed in these agencies that create these tests, many of them operate with very little supervision. This article will review the practices of some of the commonly used external testing agencies in Japan and discuss how greater accountability from these agencies might not only improve test validity, but make them more useful for score users and test takers.

Keywords

language testing standardized tests external agencies TOEIC EIKEN

Declarations

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Shizuoka University

Copyright

© Language Testing in Asia 2012