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Table 2 Language function checklist

From: Looking beyond scores: validating a CEFR-based university speaking assessment in Mainland China

Types of functions Language functions Abbreviations
Informational Giving personal info. Giv
Expressing opinions/preferences Exp
Elaborating Ela
Justifying opinions Jus
Comparing Comp
Speculating Spe
Describing a sequence of events/scene Des
Suggesting Sug
Interactional Disagree/Agreeing Agr
Modifying Mod
Staging Sta
Asking for opinions Ask
Commenting Comm
Greeting Gre
Negotiating meaning (check meaning, understanding, ask clarification, respond to required clarification) Neg
Managing Interaction Initiating Ini
Deciding Dec