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Table 5 Revised parameters of reading descriptor: cognitive ability

From: Developing reading proficiency scales for EFL learners in China

CSE level Function Ability Quantity/performance Quality/criterion
Verb Goal Text Topic Language
A1 Narration Recognize Can recognize Rhyming words In children’s poems   
C2 Argumentation Understand/analyze Can understand The organization Of academic monographs In professional fields  
A3 Narration Recognize Can retrieve The main plot In novels   Of the simplified version
B2 Argumentation Understand/analyze Can analyze The implicit attitudes of the writer In comments On current affairs  
B2 Interactiveness Evaluate/criticize Can evaluate Expression of personal feelings In practical writing like resume and cover letter