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Table 1 Cognitive validity parameters in writing from sources (adapted from Chan, 2013)

From: Using keystroke logging to understand writers’ processes on a reading-into-writing test

Cognitive phases Key cognitive processes
Conceptualisation Task representation
Meaning construction Careful reading
Scanning, Skimming and Search reading
Connecting ideas and generating new representations
Generating texts (execution) Translating ideas into linguistic forms
Organising Organising intertextual relationship between ideas
Organising ideas in a textual structure
Monitoring and revising While writing monitoring and revising (at low/high level)
After writing monitoring and revising (at low/high level)