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Table 1 Cognitive validity parameters in writing from sources (adapted from Chan, 2013)

From: Using keystroke logging to understand writers’ processes on a reading-into-writing test

Cognitive phases Key cognitive processes
Conceptualisation Task representation
Macro-planning
Meaning construction Careful reading
Scanning, Skimming and Search reading
Connecting ideas and generating new representations
Generating texts (execution) Translating ideas into linguistic forms
Micro-planning
Organising Organising intertextual relationship between ideas
Organising ideas in a textual structure
Monitoring and revising While writing monitoring and revising (at low/high level)
After writing monitoring and revising (at low/high level)