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Table 1 Writing ability scale for English majors in Chinese universities in the final version of the writing

From: Exploring the adaptability of the CEFR in the construction of a writing ability scale for test for English majors

Level 3: 10 descriptors  
 can do academic writing (e.g. abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology, data findings and analysis, conclusion)  
 can proofread and give feedback to the academic writing of students of other majors  
 can write a graduation thesis  
 can write research proposals applying for further education abroad  
 can write reports of different genres (e.g. business report)  
 can write term papers (research papers written by students over an academic term)  
 can write book reviews as required  
 can express thoughts about cultural topics such as music, films in writing  
 can carry out the continuation task of writing after reading the given part  
 can write summaries based on augmentative texts  
Level 2: 13 descriptors  
 can describe a graph, chart or table in detail  
 can write speech scripts for classroom presentations  
 can convey information and ideas on abstract as well as concrete topics  
 can write letters/compositions commenting on the correspondent’s views  
 can clearly and precisely express oneself  
 can effectively express one’s ideas, emotions  
 can paraphrase the content of the English passages  
 can write letters/compositions highlighting the personal significance of events and experiences  
 can write summaries based on narrative and descriptive texts  
 can check information (e.g. examining general patterns of information across text types)  
 can express news and views effectively in writing  
 can write letters/compositions conveying degrees of emotion  
 can take messages communicating inquiries, explaining problems  
Level 1: 14 descriptors  
 can write resumes  
 can make and respond to inquiries in writing  
 can provide information needed for registrations of all kinds (e.g. hotel and website registration)  
 can write personal letters/compositions describing experiences, feelings and events  
 can write a short passage (150–200 words) based on a given topic or outline  
 can write personal letters/compositions giving news  
 can ask for or pass on personal details in written form  
 can write short, simple formulaic notes relating to matters in areas of immediate need  
 can write personal letters and notes conveying information  
 can write invitation letters  
 can write notices  
 can write self-introductions  
 can write to communicate with overseas friends through letters or e-mails  
 can write very simple personal letters expressing thanks and apology