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Table 5 Participating groups and target structure

From: Assessing the effect of focused direct and focused indirect written corrective feedback on explicit and implicit knowledge of language learners

Groups Proficiency Feedback type Target structure of phase 1
Experimental group 1 Beginner Focused direct Simple past (regular –ed)
Experimental group 2 Beginner Focused indirect Simple past (regular –ed)
Control group 1 Beginner