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Table 6 Descriptive statistics for the narrative writing task and text summary

From: Assessing the effect of focused direct and focused indirect written corrective feedback on explicit and implicit knowledge of language learners

Treatment n Pretest Posttest 1 Posttest 2
WCF M SD M SD M SD
Focused direct 27 39.18 4.29 70.33 12.87 57.59 12.66
Focused indirect 29 40.86 5.30 48.24 15.56 35.48 11.76
Control 31 37.70 5.58 22.87 9.88 16.41 7.47
Total 87 39.21 5.23 46.05 23.31 35.55 19.93