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Fig. 1 | Language Testing in Asia

Fig. 1

From: Test-taker perception of and test performance on computer-delivered speaking tests: the mediational role of test-taking motivation

Fig. 1

Proposed relationships between test-taker perception, test-taking motivation, and test performance. It is proposed that perceived test validity influences test-taking effort indirectly through the mediation of perceived test importance. Unfavorable perception of computer delivery will lead to decreased test-taking effort, which in turn affects test performance.

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