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Table 6 Pairwise comparisons with a Bonferroni method. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1

From: An exploration of students’ voices on the English graduation benchmark policy across Northern, Central and Southern Vietnam

Factor Region Significant differences
Factor 1 SOU UPP > ELE (p = 0.001***), UPP > INT (p = 0.020**)
Factor 2 NOR ELE > UPP (p = 0.000***), INT > UPP (p = 0.000***)
CEN ELE > UPP (p = 0.000***), INT > UPP (p = 0.000***)
Factor 3 NOR UPP > ELE (p = 0.094*), UPP > INT (p = 0.009***)
SOU INT > ELE (p = 0.052*), UPP > ELE (p = 0.006)