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Table 4 The t test for independent samples comparing the mean difference in the strength of washback experienced between male and female students

From: Standardized proficiency tests in a campus-wide English curriculum: a washback study

GenderNMSDSkewnessKurtosis
Male39029.107.20− 0.020.74
Female30429.025.65− 0.120.98
Independent comparisons
 ComparisonMSEt(692)Sig.
 Washback0.080.500.160.88