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Table 5 Results of the one-way ANOVA comparing the mean difference in the strength of washback experienced among different majors

From: Standardized proficiency tests in a campus-wide English curriculum: a washback study

MajorNMSDSkewnessKurtosis
Engineering39028.676.740.041.01
Management23129.896.100.020.92
Foreign Languages7328.566.83− 0.411.03
Source of variationSSdfMSFSig.
Between groups235.832117.922.750.06
Within groups29605.3869142.84  
Total29841.21693