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Table 6 Factors influencing students’ English learning orientation

From: When testing stakes are no longer high: impact on the Chinese College English learners and their learning

  Estimate Std. error Wald df Sig. 95% confidence interval
Lower bound Upper bound
Threshold Q3 = 1 − 1.532 .503 9.299 1 .002 − 2.517 − .548
Q3 = 2 .137 .480 .081 1 .775 − .803 1.077
Q3 = 3 1.616 .485 11.100 1 .001 .665 2.567
Q3 = 4 3.248 .498 42.558 1 .000 2.272 4.224
Location Gender = 0 .249 .167 2.205 1 .138 − .080 .577
Gender = 1 0a . . 0 . . .
Major = 1 .128 .370 .119 1 .730 − .598 .853
Major = 2 .256 .367 .485 1 .486 − .464 .976
Major = 3 0a . . 0 . . .
Year = 1 .308 .162 3.647 1 .056 − .008 .625
Year = 2 0a . . 0 . . .
Eng pro = 1 22.539 .000 . 1 . 22.539 22.539
Eng pro = 2 .815 .546 2.227 1 .136 − .255 1.885
Eng pro = 3 1.333 .337 15.683 1 .000 .673 1.992
Eng pro = 4 .890 .348 6.536 1 .011 .208 1.572
Eng pro = 5 0a . . 0 . . .
  1. Note: Eng pro, English proficiency; Link function, Logit
  2. aThis parameter is set to zero because it is redundant