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Table 9 Factors influencing students’ English learning motivation

From: When testing stakes are no longer high: impact on the Chinese College English learners and their learning

  Estimate Std. Error Wald df Sig. 95% confidence interval
Lower bound Upper bound
Threshold Q4 = 1 − 1.667 .493 11.449 1 .001 − 2.633 − .701
Q4 = 2 .308 .487 .400 1 .527 − .646 1.262
Q4 = 3 1.563 .494 10.025 1 .002 .595 2.530
Q4 = 4 3.839 .584 43.206 1 .000 2.694 4.983
Location Gender = 0 .186 .170 1.206 1 .272 − .146 .519
Gender = 1 0a . . 0 . . .
Major = 1 − .161 .376 .183 1 .669 − .899 .577
Major = 2 − .273 .374 .534 1 .465 − 1.006 .460
Major = 3 0a . . 0 . . .
Year = 1 − .056 .164 .117 1 .733 − .377 .265
Year = 2 0a . . 0 . . .
Eng pro = 1 − .050 1.334 .001 1 .970 − 2.664 2.563
Eng pro = 2 − .986 .562 3.075 1 .080 − 2.088 .116
Eng pro = 3 − .300 .337 .791 1 .374 − .961 .361
Eng pro = 4 .283 .351 .653 1 .419 − .404 .970
Eng pro = 5 0a . . 0 . . .
  1. Note: Eng pro English proficiency; Link function, Logit
  2. aThis parameter is set to zero because it is redundant