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Table 2 Coding theme of the think-aloud protocol

From: An investigation of novice ESL writers’ cognitive processes and strategy use of paraphrasing

Variables
Cognitive strategies
 Comprehending
 Repeating
 Memorizing
 Retrieving
 Analyzing
 Summarizing
Metacognitive strategies
 Planning
 Monitoring
 Evaluating
Compensation strategies
 Guessing
 Approximating
Affective strategies
 Encouraging yourself