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Table 5 Descriptive statistics, correlation matrix and discriminant validity

From: A moderated mediation analysis of the relationship between a high-stakes English test and test takers’ extracurricular English learning activities

Construct Mean S.D. TPN PSE-SRL PSE-AA TEELA
TPN 5.862 1.296 (.823)    
PSE-SRL 5.172 1.239 .606 (.847)   
PSE-AA 4.636 1.472 .538 .778 (.901)  
TEELA 4. 197 1.820 .521 .656 .706 (.867)
  1. Note: N = 463. On the diagonal are the square roots of AVEs that are shown in parentheses in boldface. Below the diagonal are the Pearson correlation coefficients between the latent constructs. TPN, test takers’ perceptions of the NMET; PSE-SRL, perceived self-efficacy for self-regulated learning; PSE-AA, perceived self-efficacy for academic achievement; TEELA, test takers’ extracurricular English learning activities