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Table 9 Student questionnaire

From: A moderated mediation analysis of the relationship between a high-stakes English test and test takers’ extracurricular English learning activities

Dimension Item
TPN 1. I think the NMET encourages me to read English books.
2. I think the NMET encourages me to watch English movies or TV programs.
3. I think the NMET encourages me to memorize vocabularies.
4. I think the NMET encourages me to practice English writing.
5. I think the NMET motivates me to learn English hard.
6. I think the NMET helps me to become an independent learner.
7. I think the NMET helps to improve my speaking skills.
8. I think the NMET helps to improve my listening skills. *
9. I think the NMET helps to improve my reading skills. *
PSE-AA 10. How well can you learn English grammar?
11. How well can you learn vocabulary?
12. How well can you learn reading skills?
13. How well can you learn writing skills?
14. How well can you learn listening skills?
15. How well can you learn speaking skills?
PSE-SRL 16. How well can you finish homework assignments by deadlines? *
17. How well can you study when there are other interesting things to do? (e.g., playing games on mobile phones)
18. How well can you concentrate on school subjects?
19. How well can you take notes of class instruction?
20. How well can you plan your school work?
21. How well can you organize your school work?
22. How well can you remember information presented in class and textbooks? *
23. How well can you arrange a place when you are out of school to study without distractions? *
24. How well can you motivate yourself to do school work?
25. How well can you participate in English class discussions?
TEELA In the past 1 year, …
26. I read English materials (e.g., books/magazines/ newspapers) out of school.
27. I spend time on English entertainment outside school (for example, listened to English songs or watch English programs).
28. I browse English websites out of school.
29. I write in English in my free time, for example, writing blogs/emails/letters/ diaries in English.
30. I practice to talk to others (e.g., my parents and friends) in English.
31. I take part in out-of-class English events (e.g., English corner, English debate).
  1. Note: * Represents deleted items.