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Table 2 The results of the classical and Rasch item analyses (N = 4407)

From: Validity argument for the VELC Test® score interpretations and uses

  Listening   Reading
Item Frequency/readability IF ID Diff SE Infit item Frequency/readability IF ID Diff SE Infit
1 1 .96 .26 −2.82 0.08 0.9 61 1 .95 .30 −2.61 0.07 0.9
2 1 .90 .31 −1.74 0.05 1.0 62 2 .96 .31 −2.77 0.08 0.9
3 1 .90 .46 −1.78 0.05 0.9 63 2 .85 .48 −1.24 0.04 0.9
4 2 .82 .47 −0.98 0.04 0.9 64 3 .84 .33 −1.19 0.04 1.0
5 3 .92 .11 −1.97 0.06 1.1 65 3 .57 .37 0.41 0.03 1.0
6 3 .83 .45 −1.06 0.04 0.9 66 3 .75 .51 −0.56 0.04 0.9
7 3 .67 .27 −0.10 0.03 1.1 67 3 .84 .54 −1.15 0.04 0.8
8 5 .63 .32 0.10 0.03 1.0 68 4 .81 .41 −0.92 0.04 0.9
9 6 .53 .27 0.58 0.03 1.1 69 6 .67 .38 −0.09 0.03 1.0
10 7 .40 .32 1.19 0.03 1.0 70 8 .19 .14 2.33 0.04 1.1
11 1 .80 .40 −0.89 0.04 0.9 71 1 .93 .46 −2.17 0.06 0.8
12 2 .68 .42 −0.15 0.03 0.9 72 2 .93 .39 −2.15 0.06 0.9
13 2 .41 .32 1.11 0.03 1.0 73 2 .92 .48 −2.08 0.06 0.8
14 3 .72 .42 −0.37 0.04 0.9 74 2 .92 .47 −2.02 0.06 0.8
15 4 .60 .39 0.27 0.03 1.0 75 3 .84 .45 −1.14 0.04 0.9
16 4 .33 .17 1.50 0.03 1.1 76 4 .92 .40 −2.00 0.06 0.9
17 4 .61 .37 0.21 0.03 1.0 77 4 .76 .51 −0.64 0.04 0.9
18 5 .38 .25 1.29 0.03 1.1 78 5 .45 .37 0.96 0.03 1.0
19 6 .96 .15 −2.76 0.08 1.0 79 6 .37 .18 1.33 0.03 1.1
20 7 .33 .11 1.51 0.03 1.2 80 7 .72 .38 −0.36 0.04 1.0
21 6.7(13) .46 .44 0.89 0.03 0.9 81 6.7(12) .85 .36 −1.24 0.04 0.9
22 3.0(13) .81 .09 −0.93 0.04 1.2 82 7.6(13) .81 .45 −0.95 0.04 0.9
23 11.2(13) .57 .32 0.39 0.03 1.0 83 4.6(16) .51 .39 0.65 0.03 1.0
24 10.7(15) .51 .34 0.66 0.03 1.0 84 8.3(16) .96 .31 −2.67 0.07 0.9
25 4.7(11) .14 .23 2.73 0.05 1.0 85 9.2(19) .89 .20 −1.65 0.05 1.0
26 11.2(11) .42 .32 1.07 0.03 1.0 86 6.7(19) .77 .42 −0.66 0.04 0.9
27 5.8(12) .61 .05 0.18 0.03 1.3 87 12.0(25) .32 .35 1.57 0.03 1.0
28 3.8(12) .51 .07 0.65 0.03 1.2 88 8.7(34) .80 .35 −0.89 0.04 1.0
29 6.7(12) .27 .29 1.85 0.04 1.0 89 12.0(39) .59 .39 0.30 0.03 1.0
30 1.2(12) .14 .19 2.73 0.04 1.1 90 8.0(11) .79 .50 −0.77 0.04 0.9
31 5.8(11) .53 .40 0.55 0.03 1.0 91 8.3(15) .59 .45 0.31 0.03 0.9
32 9.7(12) .28 .40 1.80 0.04 0.9 92 12.0(17) .85 .30 −1.25 0.04 1.0
33 5.8(13) .68 .45 −0.17 0.03 0.9 93 12.0(32) .63 .30 0.11 0.03 1.0
34 6.7(14) .64 .30 0.03 0.03 1.0 94 9.9(15) .84 .44 −1.18 0.04 0.9
35 12.0(12) .35 .38 1.41 0.03 1.0 95 4.9(13) .65 .37 0.02 0.03 1.0
36 10.0(14) .56 .37 0.41 0.03 1.0 96 12.0(10) .77 .35 −0.66 0.04 1.0
37 3.8(12) .31 .36 1.61 0.03 1.0 97 12.0(25) .70 .41 −0.24 0.03 0.9
38 6.9(11) .71 .14 −0.33 0.04 1.2 98 8.0(22) .64 .36 0.05 0.03 1.0
39 7.7(12) .94 .10 −2.37 0.07 1.1 99 12.0(30) .41 .36 1.13 0.03 1.0
40 3.8(12) .39 .36 1.23 0.03 1.0 100 12.0(38) .68 .40 −0.13 0.03 1.0
41 4.0(13) .83 .39 −1.07 0.04 0.9 101 7.5(28) .65 .38 0.01 0.03 1.0
42 8.3(10) .85 .30 −1.29 0.04 1.0 102 9.5(32) .73 .49 −0.41 0.04 0.9
43 10.1(36) .55 .33 0.50 0.03 1.0 103 7.8(35) .89 .41 −1.69 0.05 0.9
44 6.7(28) .52 .31 0.60 0.03 1.0 104 12.0(45) .64 .49 0.06 0.03 0.9
45 7.9(28) .53 .36 0.59 0.03 1.0 105 7.0(42) .65 .51 −0.02 0.03 0.9
46 8.1(49) .43 .27 1.06 0.03 1.1 106 8.6(53) .38 .28 1.25 0.03 1.0
47 12.0(42) .44 .28 0.99 0.03 1.1 107 10.7(55) .61 .35 0.18 0.03 1.0
48 12.0(50) .48 .17 0.80 0.03 1.2 108 12.0(76) .43 .39 1.05 0.03 1.0
49 10.7(7) .67 .24 −0.12 0.03 1.1 109 10.6(76) .62 .34 0.17 0.03 1.0
50 4.8(12) .66 .31 −0.03 0.03 1.0 110 7.3(82) .53 .33 0.57 0.03 1.0
51 5.2(15) .56 .46 0.43 0.03 0.9 111 11.4(79) .35 .24 1.41 0.03 1.1
52 7.0(21) .48 .12 0.80 0.03 1.2 112 9.4(35) .52 .35 0.63 0.03 1.0
53 11.0(18) .72 .20 −0.35 0.04 1.1 113 5.1(36) .70 .42 −0.27 0.04 0.9
54 5.3(21) .26 .15 1.88 0.04 1.1 114 12.0(48) .73 .38 −0.43 0.04 1.0
55 11.0(37) .59 .17 0.31 0.03 1.2 115 10.0(52) .40 .39 1.16 0.03 1.0
56 8.1(51) .22 .20 2.17 0.04 1.1 116 7.6(58) .86 .49 −1.32 0.05 0.8
57 7.0(38) .28 .14 1.80 0.04 1.1 117 12.0(56) .63 .43 0.10 0.03 0.9
58 6.5(46) .25 .11 1.99 0.04 1.1 118 11.7(56) .57 .47 0.39 0.03 0.9
59 7.4(66) .40 .09 1.19 0.03 1.2 119 8.7(61) .27 .24 1.82 0.04 1.0
60 7.5(55) .57 .32 0.37 0.03 1.0 120 9.5(64) .34 .22 1.45 0.03 1.1
  1. Notes. Frequency/readability = for sections 1 and 4, word frequency level based on JACET8000 or for sections 2, 3, 5, and 6, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (the number of words), IF item facility (values outside of the acceptable range are in bold), ID item discrimination (values outside of the acceptable range are in bold), Diff item difficulty estimate, SE standard error, Infit infit mean square