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Table 2 Specifications, accuracy rates, and other information regarding the English items in the 2002 and 2005 senior high school tests*

From: Application of diffusion of innovation theory to educational accountability: the case of EFL education in Japan

  2002 Test: 1994–2002 Course of Study
(n = 31,189)
2005 Test: 2003–2012 Course of Study
(n = 29,880)
Item no. Main skill to be measured Ability to be tested Item Type Mean % of those who answered the item correctly Expected mean accuracy rate Mean % of those who answered the item correctly Expected mean accuracy rate
1–3 Listening Ability to respond when spoken to MC** 64.4 67.5 61.9 65.8
4–6   Ability to comprehend the details of a spoken text MC 58.6 65 58.6 66.7
7–10   Ability to comprehend the main points of a spoken text MC 62.1 62.3 65.2 63.2
11–12 Reading Ability to comprehend the details of a written text MC 64.9 62.5 66.5 63.7
13–15   Ability to comprehend the main points of a written text MC 69.5 60.0 66.9 61.7
16–17   Ability to understand the logical development of a written text MC 55.9 57.5 65.5 60
18–19   Ability to understand the writer’s intention MC 70.9 62.5 60.6 65.0
20 Writing Ability to write a coherent text of more than three sentences Open-ended 22.8 45.0 23.4 45
21–23   Ability to fill in blanks with appropriate words or phrases Open-ended 52.9 55.0 47.8 55.0
24–26   Ability to write a sentence using scrambled words Open-ended 51.4 55.8 50.2 60.8
  1. * Means were calculated based on data presented in NIER (2004, 2007), with number of students taken into consideration
  2. ** MC: Multiple choice