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Table 3 Testing univariate and multivariate normality assumptions

From: Designing and validating a potential formative evaluation inventory for teacher competences

Items Min Max Skew Kurtosis
1 0 5 − 0.148 0.349
2 0 5 − 0.117 0.044
3 0 5 − 0.147 0.237
4 0 5 − 0.114 0.050
5 0 5 − 0.246 0.312
6 0 5 − 0.064 0.173
7 0 5 0.050 − 0.228
8 0 5 0.111 − 0.158
9 0 5 − 0.002 − 0.057
10 0 5 0.193 − 0.184
11 1 5 0.078 − 0.572
12 1 5 − 0.181 − 0.668
13 0 5 − 0.184 − 0.509
14 0 5 0.005 − 0.254
15 1 5 0.196 − 0.576
16 0 5 0.118 −  0.214
17 0 5 − 0.075 − 0.104
18 0 5 0.039 0.159
19 0 5 − 0.053 0.162
20 0 5 − 0.030 0.188
21 1 5 0.237 − 0.281
22 1 5 0.282 0.287
23 0 5 − 0.015 0.110
24 1 5 0.314 − 0.083
25 0 5 − 0.143 − 0.185
26 0 5 0.183 − 0.071
27 0 5 0.059 − 0.163
28 0 5 − 0.140 − 0.099
29 0 5 − 0.230 − 0.280
30 0 5 − 0.105 0.086
31 0 5 0.007 − 0.060
32 0 5 0.038 0.142
33 0 5 − 0.039 − 0.212
34 0 5 − 0.120 0.010
35 0 5 − 0.156 − 0.325
36 1 5 0.106 − 0.065
37 0 5 − 0.092 − 0.130
38 0 5 − 0.126 − 0.444
39 1 5 − 0.062 − 0.599
40 0 5 − 0.142 0.016
41 0 5 − 0.176 0.055
42 0 5 − 0.252 0.526
43 0 5 − 0.262 − 0.166
44 0 5 − 0.143 − 0.238
45 1 5 − 0.054 − 0.482
46 0 5 0.093 0.026
47 0 5 − 0.270 − 0.008
48 0 5 − 0.306 − 0.116
49 0 5 − 0.075 − 0.128
50 0 5 − 0.059 − 0.265
51 1 5 − 0.051 − 0.721
52 1 5 − 0.144 − 0.547
53 0 5 − 0.227 − 0.150
54 0 5 − 0.145 − 0.478
55 0 5 0.103 − 0.046
56 1 5 − 0.115 − 0.386
57 0 5 − 0.052 − 0.015
58 1 5 0.150 − 0.254
59 0 5 0.037 − 0.325
60 0 5 0.099 0.043
61 0 5 − 0.019 − 0.070
62 0 5 0.049 − 0.102
63 1 5 0.163 − 0.419
64 1 5 − 0.067 − 0.783
65 0 5 0.014 − 0.404
Multivariate 0.112 0.009