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Table 1 Descriptive and frequency statistics for questionnaire items on test-taker perception

From: Test-taker perception of and test performance on computer-delivered speaking tests: the mediational role of test-taking motivation

  Frequency (%)
Item M SD Disagree Neutral Agree
Perceived test validity
 1. The abilities measured in the TOEIC Speaking test were essential to oral communication.a 3.91 0.65 2 (3.7) 8 (4.8) 44 (81.5)
 2. People who receive high scores on the TOEIC Speaking test have a high speaking ability.a 4.07 0.80 3 (5.6) 6 (11.1) 45 (83.3)
 3. The TOEIC Speaking test is a good way to learn how well people can speak English in daily life.a 3.57 0.92 7 (13.0) 15 (27.8) 32 (59.3)
Total 3.85 0.64    
Perceived computer delivery
 1. It is all right to give the TOEIC Speaking test to people without much computer experience. 2.91 1.17 23 (42.6) 11 (20.4) 20 (37.0)
 2. It is all right to give the TOEIC Speaking test to people who do not like computers. 3.09 1.17 20 (37.0) 11 (20.4) 23 (42.6)
 3. Taking the speaking test on computer was a pleasant experience. 3.37 0.98 10 (18.5) 20 (37.0) 24 (44.4)
 4. It is not unnatural to talk to a computer during the speaking test. 3.26 1.12 15 (27.8) 14 (25.9) 25 (46.3)
Total 3.16 0.76    
  1. aMeans that Chi-square test was significant