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Table 1 Facets of validity as a progressive matrix (Messick, 1989, p. 20)

From: Critical review of validation models and practices in language testing: their limitations and future directions for validation research

  Test interpretation Test use
Evidential basis Construct validity (CV) CV + Relevance/utility (R/U)
Consequential basis CV + R/U + value implications (VI) CV + R/U + VI + social consequences