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Table 4 Comparisons between three groups by two factors (ANOVA and Hochberg’s GT2 post hoc test results) ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1

From: An exploration of students’ voices on the English graduation benchmark policy across Northern, Central and Southern Vietnam

  Group M (SD) Significant differences Overall F Overall p
Factor 1 NOR 3.11 (0.999) SOU > CEN (p = 0.056*) 3.301 0.037**
CEN 3.05 (0.987)
SOU 3.12 (0.976)
Factor 2 NOR 3.37 (1.082) NOR > SOU (p = 0.001***);
CEN > SOU (p = 0.001***);
NOR > CEN (p = 0.041**)
54.958 0.000***
CEN 3.30 (1.078)
SOU 3.09 (1.023)
Factor 3 NOR 3.05 (1.018)   0.792 0.453
CEN 3.00 (1.039)
SOU 3.04 (1.023)