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Table 5 Tests of between-subjects effects. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1

From: An exploration of students’ voices on the English graduation benchmark policy across Northern, Central and Southern Vietnam

Source Dependent variable Sum of squares Mean square F Sig. Partial η2
Proficiency Factor 1 4.753 2.376 2.497 0.082* 0.001
Factor 2 90.251 45.125 39.607 0.000*** 0.022
Factor 3 11.514 5.757 5.518 0.004*** 0.003
Region × proficiency Factor 1 16.462 4.116 4.325 0.002*** 0.005
Factor 2 44.030 11.008 9.661 0.000*** 0.011
Factor 3 29.830 7.458 7.149 0.000*** 0.004