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Table 2 Description of how NEAT texts were selected and positioned

From: Discursive conflicts in news media and the suspension of a government-led test of English in Korea

 Stages
Creation (with TOEFL crisis)Expansion (NEAT implementation)Extinction (NEAT abolition)
PositioningProblemSupportingSupporting
 Agenda1. Supply and demand1. State-led accountability1. Domestic purposes only
2. Inconvenience2. Practical English2. Private education
3. Foreign currency outflow3. Technological efficiency3. “Easy CSAT”
4. Technical failure
PositioningSolutionOpposingOpposing
 Agenda1. State intervention1. Private education expenditure1. (Back to) CSAT-prep English
2. Korean TOEFL with official recognition2. Teach-to-the-test2. Wasted budget
3. Students victimized